The red planet was once blue: Mars was covered in oceans 984 feet deep 4.5 billion years ago

Now a desolate red desert, a new study claims that the planet Mars was once mostly blue.

While researchers have long agreed that our red neighbor once held water, how much water it contained has been a matter of debate.

Now, a new study reveals that 4.5 billion years ago, Mars was covered by 984 feet (300 meters) of deep oceans.

Researchers from the University of Copenhagen hope the findings will bring humanity one step closer to answering a vital question: Did Mars have life at all?

A new study claims that Mars was covered in 984 feet of ocean 4.5 billion years ago

A metric impact crater created on December 24, 2021 in the Amazones Planitia region of Mars

A metric impact crater created on December 24, 2021 in the Amazones Planitia region of Mars

Evidence that Mars once carried water

Spirit and Opportunity, NASA’s twin rover, found evidence of water trapped in the rock in 2007, when one of Spirit’s wheels broke off and sank with a chunk of stone.

Analysis of the silica-rich layer detected in the scratch indicates that it was formed in the presence of liquid water.

In 2008, the Phoenix lander was collecting geological samples, and it disappeared after a few days.

Scientists believe that these were pieces of ice. This assessment was confirmed when the probe later detected water vapor in a sample.

In 2012, Curiosity was meandering over an ancient Martian sea floor when it examined a number of rocks that were exposed to liquid water billions of years ago.

The study estimates that oceans covered the entire planet, and could range in depth from 984 feet (300 meters) to 3,280 feet (1,000 meters).

Given that the planet is about half the size of Earth, Professor Martin Pizarro, of the Center for Star and Planet Formation, says that by comparison, there is already very little water on our planet.

And according to Professor Pizarro, this water was brought to Mars by ice-filled asteroids.

In addition to water, icy asteroids have also brought biologically relevant molecules such as amino acids to Mars.

Amino acids are used when DNA and RNA form bases that contain everything a cell needs.

‘This happened during the first 100 million years of Mars,’ explained Professor Pizarro.

After this period, something catastrophic happened to potential life on Earth.

It is believed that there was a massive collision between Earth and another planet the size of Mars.

“It was an energetic collision that shaped the Earth-Moon system and, at the same time, wiped out all possible life forms on Earth.”

To reach these conclusions, the researchers studied a meteorite that was billions of years old.

Speaking to MailOnline, Professor Pizarro explained that the meteorite formed 4.5 billion years ago and is now “part of the original crust of Mars”.

“Thus, it records the history of the bombing of the planet,” he explained.

Billions of years ago, Mars was struck by asteroids filled with ice and important organic matter

Billions of years ago, Mars was struck by asteroids filled with ice and important organic matter

Unlike Earth, Mars does not have tectonic plates deep beneath its surface, as hot molten rock has long cooled to form a rocky mantle.

As a result, the researchers note that the crust remains unchanged, keeping the surface of the planet unchanged.

This allows them to study Mars’ past in a way that is impossible to do on Earth.

Professor Pizarro added: ‘Tectonic plates on Earth have erased all evidence of what happened in the first 500 million years of our planet’s history.

The plates are constantly moving and being recycled back and destroyed in the interior of our planet.

“In contrast, Mars does not have plate tectonics such that the surface of the planet keeps a record of the planet’s oldest history.”

The new study comes shortly after experts claimed that ancient microbes could have lived for hundreds of millions of years below the surface of Mars in “suspended animation.”

Researchers say that a bacterium called Deinococcus radiodurans could survive on Mars for 280 million years — nearly 300 times longer than previously assumed — if it was buried 32 feet below the surface of the Red Planet.

D. radiodurans is also known as “Conan the Bacterium” and “superhero of the bacterial world” due to its toughness, which has earned it the title of “world’s strongest known bacteria” in the Guinness Book of Records.

Like a muscle-bound movie hero, it withstands the attacks of acid baths, high and low temperatures, and even doses of radiation.

While Conan the Bacterium likely wouldn’t have existed on Mars, researchers believe that an equivalent microorganism could have existed on the Red Planet for a similar amount of time.

NASA’s Mars spacecraft was launched in 2011 and has improved our understanding of the Red Planet

The Mars Curiosity probe was initially launched from Cape Canaveral, a US Air Force station in Florida on November 26, 2011.

After embarking on a 350 million mile (560 million km) journey, the £1.8 billion ($2.5 billion) research vehicle touched down just 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from its designated landing spot.

After a successful landing on August 5, 2012, the rover has covered about 11 miles (18 km).

Launched aboard the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) spacecraft, the lander made up 23 percent of the mission’s total mass.

With 80 kg (180 lb) of science instruments on board, the probe weighs a total of 899 kg (1,982 lb) and is powered by a plutonium fuel source.

The rover is 2.9 meters (9.5 ft) long, 2.7 meters (8.9 ft) wide and 2.2 meters (7.2 ft) high.

The Martian rover was initially intended as a two-year mission to collect information to help answer whether the planet could support life, have liquid water, and study the climate and geology of Mars, and has since been active for more than 2,000 days.

The Martian rover was initially intended as a two-year mission to collect information to help answer whether the planet could support life, have liquid water, and study the climate and geology of Mars, and has since been active for more than 2,000 days.

The rover was initially intended as a two-year mission to gather information to help answer whether the planet could support life, contain liquid water, and study the climate and geology of Mars.

Due to its success, the mission has been extended indefinitely and is now active for more than 3,500 days.

The rover has many scientific instruments on board, including a camera that has two cameras and can take high-resolution photos and videos in true color.

So far in the journey of the car-sized robot, he came across an ancient stream where liquid water used to flow, and not long after he also discovered that billions of years ago, a nearby area known as Yellowknife Bay was part of a lake that could support microbial life.

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